Because of their occurrence in late October and early November, the Taurid meteor showers have gained the popular name of “Halloween fireballs.”
The Taurids are an annual meteor shower associated with the comet Encke. They are named after their radiant point in the constellation Taurus, where they are seen to come from in the sky. Encke and the Taurids are believed to be remnants of a much larger comet, which has disintegrated over the past 20,000 to 30,000 years, breaking into several pieces.
They are rather slow-moving (from our perspective) and so often make a good show. They usually peak from November 5-12.
According to earthsky.org, they are not known for having a great number of meteors, but “a high percentage of fireballs, or exceptionally bright meteors.”
The South Taurids should produce their greatest number of meteors – and hence their greatest number of fireballs – between midnight and dawn on November 5, 2015. Try watching on the morning of November 4.
Higher rates of Taurid fireballs seem to occur every 7 years and the last big display was in 2008, so 2015 should be a good year for viewing.
You may have seen some video on the news over the past Halloween weekend of some fireballs seen over Poland. The photos at top are from there and you can see the video here.
If you want to check what to look for in the sky on any day, check out earthsky.org/tonight/