Today is Columbus Day which was first celebrated in the U.S. in 1792. President Roosevelt made it a federal holiday in 1937. It’s been seen as a day to celebrate Italian-American heritage and honor Christopher Columbus.
But Columbus Day has become controversial in recent decades since Columbus’ arrival kickstarted colonization in the Western hemisphere and led to millions of Native American deaths.
That is why in 1977, the UN formally recommended replacing Columbus Day with “Indigenous Peoples’ Day.”
Currently, 17 states plus Washington, D.C. observe Indigenous Peoples’ Day instead of, or in addition to, Columbus Day.