You are currently browsing the tag archive for the ‘consciousness’ tag.

Most of us think about consciousness and unconsciousness are the two states our mind can be in. But in religious and spiritual contexts, there is also a transcendent state of consciousness that is harder to define and achieve.

I was reading about William James (1842–1910), the psychologist and philosopher who wrote about this in The Varieties of Religious Experience: A Study in Human Nature.

He believed that the transcendent state of consciousness had several features as experiences in order to qualify as such.

One feature he called “ineffability.” That is a tricky feature because it means that “it defies expression, that no adequate report of its contents can be given in words.” In other words, it would be an experience that must be directly experienced and could not be explained adequately to others.

He also believed this experience would have a “noetic quality.” He meant that these mystical states are also states of knowledge with insight into depths of truth, illuminations and revelations “full of significance and importance, all inarticulate though they remain; and as a rule they carry with them a curious sense of authority for after-time.” These parts can be explained to others and can be used for creating art and practical solutions.

Mystical states cannot be sustained for long. He found that they had “transiency.” His observation ws that they usually lasted half an hour, or at most an hour or two. Beyond that, they fade. He wrote that “Often, when faded, their quality can but imperfectly be reproduced in memory; but when they recur it is recognized; and from one recurrence to another it is susceptible of continuous development in what is felt as inner richness and importance.”

His final quality of the transcendent consciousness is “passivity.” Though he noted that the initiation of these altered states may be from voluntary operations, when the transcendent state occurs, the mystic feels as if his own will were “in abeyance, and indeed sometimes as if he were grasped and held by a superior power.”

William James listed initiating practices such as fixing the attention, and going through certain bodily performances from the fasting and abuse found in some religious rituals, to deep meditative practices.

James drew some of these conclusions from being not only a reader and philosopher but, empiricist that he was, from using his own body-mind as a laboratory. In his case, he used nitrous oxide, also known as  “laughing gas,” which produces a euphoric effects. As a mild hallucinogen, the nitrous oxide gave him a new perspective on own consciousness. He did not claim that it gave him a mystical, or transcendent, experience, but it allowed him to understand those states.

He separated some of the reported transcendent experiences of his time such as prophetic speech, automatic writing, and the trances of mediums. Without saying they were faked, he noted that because there was no recollection of the phenomenon later and they seemed to have no significance for the subject’s inner life, they were not mystical states. True mystical states are retained at least somewhat in memory, and remain as a profoundly important event that modifies the inner life of the subject.


Michael Pollan has had several bestselling books including In Defense of Food, The Omnivore’s Dilemma, and The Botany of Desire. His seven books have been quite influential in the ways we view food from global and personal perspectives.

On his podcast, Tim Ferris talked with Pollan about his new book, How to Change Your Mind: What the New Science of Psychedelics Teaches Us About Consciousness, Dying, Addiction, Depression, and Transcendence. From the title alone, it would seem to be a departure from his other work.

I am just getting started with the book. The general topic is one I have read about in the past, but my firsthand knowledge is very limited.

“Psychedelics” is a term that still has 1960s baggage attached to it, though their use goes back centuries. Psilocybin, mescaline, and others have been in and out of the news. They have been legal and used for medical purposes, and also illegal, controlled and banned depending on the time period.

Pollan set out to research how LSD and psilocybin (the active ingredient in magic mushrooms) are being used to provide relief to people suffering from difficult-to-treat conditions such as depression, addiction and anxiety. But apparently the book got more personal than he expected.

He decided to explore himself altered states of consciousness as he was researching the brain science and psychedelic therapies being used today for depression, anxiety, alcohol/nicotine dependence, OCD, PTSD, and others.

From what I have heard and read about the book, he does address the risks of psychedelics too.

Studies into the “entropic brain” are getting serious attention in universities again, though on a limited basis.

Tim Ferris is very much aligned with Pollan’s newest project and is putting a million dollars into the scientific study of psychedelic compounds. This is by far the largest commitment to research and nonprofits I’ve ever made, and if you’d like to join me in supporting this research, please check out.

Pollan’s book has been described as a blend of science, memoir, travel writing, history, medicine and participatory journalism. Though the book is certainly a deep dive into psychedelic drugs, he also explores human consciousness and how we might use the drugs “to be fully present and find meaning in our lives.”

We finally got a true spring day today and I sat with my cup of tea outside and it felt great to have the Sun shining on me. Would you be surprised to learn that solar storms can affect your emotional health and consciousness?

Many people feel that the Moon affects them, but a lot of research has pretty much shown that madness during Full Moons, increased suicide rates and other effects are more myth than fact. Still, I have read some of the same claims and research into the Sun’s effect on us.

But there are scientific studies that confirm links between solar activity and our bodies and minds.

When I was working and teaching full-time at New Jersey Institute of Technology, I learned some things about solar flares because the university has the Center for Solar-Terrestrial Research for ground- and space-based solar and terrestrial physics. They particularly have an interest in understanding the effects of the Sun on the geospace environment. That Center operates the Big Bear Solar Observatory (BBSO) and Owens Valley Solar Array (OVSA) in California.

A solar storm or eruption is a massive explosion in the Sun’s atmosphere. It releases a tremendous amount of energy and affects all layers of the solar atmosphere. The numbers are incomprehensible to most of us. Plasma heating to tens of millions of Celsius degrees and accelerating electrons, protons shooting at close to the speed of light are not concepts we can really understand.

Animals and humans have a magnetic field that surrounds them. Earth’s magnetic field protects the planet. Geomagnetic activity seems to have three seasonal peaks and these periods are said to correspond to a higher incidence of anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, and other emotional disorders.

The more obvious effects to point at are how electromagnetic activity of the sun affects our electronic devices. Their effects on the human electromagnetic field and the idea that our body can experience various emotions and changes is a newer theory and more controversial.

Here are some of the physiological effects of coronal mass ejections (CMEs)(which are quite brief) are said to have on us: headaches, palpitations, mood swings, fatigue and general malaise. The pineal gland in our brain is also influenced by the electromagnetic activity, which causes a production of excess melatonin, a hormone that can cause drowsiness.

Might CMEs cause physical sensations because of distortions of energy flow inside the body? Hot and cold sensations, sensations of “electricity” and extreme environmental sensitivity have all been “reported” by people.

But our bodies are said to also have an emotional response to these hidden waves of energy. Some of the claims I have read seem rather extreme, pointing to increases in addiction, health problems, depression, unhealthy relationships, repressed emotions and desires.

I have read a number of articles the past week from “Scientific Evidence that Geomagnetic Storms Are Making You Sick“(much of that research coming from Russia) to more New Age pieces that see solar storms as changing human consciousness.

At this point, I would say these connections are somewhere between science and belief, but are interesting enough to continue researching. Will they cause a shift in our consciousness? The Sun has been shining on Earth a long time and I haven’t seen it happen yet.

I haven’t found a good guide to when to expect these solar storms, but I did find lots of suggestions for how to cope with their effects on us, including: ​salt baths, magnesium supplements, ​drink a lot of pure water, ​meditate more or do stillness, relaxation & breathing exercise, ​gentle exercise, and staying away from negative people. I would recommend all but the first two in that list anyway!



Noosphere is a word is derived from the Greek nous “mind” and sphaira “sphere.”  It was introduced by Pierre Teilhard de Chardin in 1922 to mean the “sphere of human thought” and it was part of his idea of a cosmogenesis.

The concept was expanded in lectures given by Vladimir Vernadsky at Sorbonne so that the Noosphere was seen as the third in a succession of phases of development of the Earth. Phase one is the geosphere (inanimate matter) followed by the biosphere (biological life).

In this third phase of the noosphere, human thought  fundamentally transforms the biosphere. Teilhard believed that the noosphere would emerges and exist through the interaction of human minds. As mankind creates more complex social networks, the noosphere grows in awareness.

Teilhard de Chardin and Vernadsky and even others before them had no way of knowing that almost a hundred years later there would be social networks connecting human thought in a digital realm called the Internet.

Teilhard’s Law of Complexity/Consciousness attempts to explain evolution in the universe as ever increasing in its integration and unification. This progression would ultimately lead to an Omega Point of thought and consciousness.

There are stories, poetry and philosophy, from Henri Bergson, Teilhard de Chardin, Carl Jung, and others that examine consciousness. But Teilhard’s Noosphere as a layer of intelligence enveloping the earth (which he saw as more spiritual than scientific) has been a starting place for  scientific research.

Remember the 70 “eggs” that generate random numbers and record departures from randomness that are part of the Global Brain?  The Noosphere is part of what is being studied by the Global Consciousness Project. They are looking at patterns that shouldn’t be there, but are there. Not mind over matter, but a connection of mind and matter.

In The Future of Man, Teilhard writes about intellectual and social evolution, the coming of ultra-humanity and the impact of scientific discoveries on traditional religious dogma.

Others continue to think and write about this topic: Manifesto for the Noosphere: The Next Stage in the Evolution of Human Consciousness is one such book. And Neurosphere: The Convergence of Evolution, Group Mind, and the Internet, as noted in its subtitle, is examining technology merging with the human body itself via electronic prosthetics, direct neural implants, and the blurring boundaries between human and machine. What Dulchinos calls the Neurosphere in that book might also be called the Global Brain, or God, Group Mind or the Noosphere.

Watch this news story for a simplified explanation.

Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, who died in 1955, was a French philosopher and Jesuit priest, but he trained as a paleontologist and geologist. (He took part in the discovery of both Piltdown Man and Peking Man.) His ideas about the Omega Point and the Noosphere were not accepted by the Catholic Church, and it censured several of his books. The book he is probably best known for is The Phenomenon of Man. His idea that just as living organisms sprung from inorganic matter and evolved into ever more complex thinking beings, we humans are evolving toward an “omega point” is one I find hopeful, whether you see it, as Teilhard did, as being as being a convergence with the Divine, or as human progression.

One of our greatest mysteries: How do we know who we are?

Thoughts that make us feel as though we know ourselves are easy to experience. They are also difficult, perhaps impossible, to explain.

Professor du Sautoy goes in search of answers and subjects himself to a series of probing experiments. I found him via this video clip

in which  Marcus Du Sautoy (Professor of Mathematics at the University of Oxford) participates in brain imaging experiments that attempt to find the neurological basis for decision making.

It’s from a BBC Horizon special, “The Secret You.”

What does he learn?  He learns about the age when our self-awareness emerges and whether other species share this trait. He is given an “out-of-body” experience to try to locate his true self. He does a mind-reading experiment that alters his understanding of who he is.

But the question of free will…  That’s a big one too.

We have free will. We make our own decisions. Right?

Chapter 8 of the series uses neuroscience experimentation and seems to indicate that it could be that a part of the brain (that we are not conscious of) is responsible for decision making.  Then, who is in charge of your decisions  –  you or your brain?  The scan they do of him seems to indicate that the scientists know what he is deciding 6 seconds before he knows his decision.

Well, so much for Descartes.

No more mind over matter or concerns about consciousness and free will – at least in the way that we usually think about those things. It’s all neurons and brain activity.

Want more science?  Here’s a much longer lecture on the “Unconscious determinants of free decisions in the human brain.”

I have always collected too many notes to myself and now, besides my notebooks, journals and scraps of paper, I have electronic notes and bookmarks and reminders. “So little time. So much to do,” says the Nowhere Man in The Beatles Yellow Submarine film. I completely agree.

I read websites like Emergent By Design and find myself making notes on a half dozen ideas that I want to explore or books to read or other sites to check out. That particular site has been posting some ideas on essential skills for survival in this new century and we’re not talking making a fire and finding food.

For example, pattern recognition – the ability to spot existing or emerging patterns. It’s a critical skill in intelligent decision making, required to read and do math and we’re unconscious that we are doing it all day. Recognizing patterns allows us to predict what will happen next pretty accurately.

Maybe that’s what really caught my attention. Being conscious, being aware, being mindful of what I say and do has been a bit of obsession of late for me. I see it emerging in my work more and more often. It certainly shows up in the posts on this blog. I’m not a fan of the unconscious lately.

When I am seeing, hearing, touching, smelling or tasting something my brain is unconsciously sifting and comparing it to things I already know. Even if it is unconscious, I want to make it fit in with the existing architecture of my experiences.

And then there are those novel experiences. the ones that challenge my brain with their newness. Those are the interesting ones. I can either reject them, file them away for further consideration or construct a new model for understanding them. Some people call that “sensemaking.”

That filtering of what to integrate and what to disregard is becoming more important and simultaneously more difficult as the overload to our sense increases.

Some research suggests that over 99% of the processing in the brain happens at a subconscious level, but I’m not convinced that it is supposed to be that high a percentage.

This  mindfulness, or perhaps it is metacognition (thinking about thinking), seems to me to be the big unmastered skill of our age.

Let me start you off on one exploration that might help you build a architecture for your own thoughts. (And I will leave you with a short list of links from my notes of things you might want to explore on your own.)

Environmental scanning is a process of gathering, analyzing, and dispensing information for strategic purposes. It is used in the business world as well as in ecology and technology. But take it a bit further – consider some the work of Ken Wilber, who has a Integral Life Practice.  He has an architecture for his “ways of knowing.” (A simple version of it is in his book The Integral Vision.

My friend Steve has been doing what he calls “Google Meditations” – a kind of computer-mediated free association surf on the Net where he is pulled by some unseen golden thread.

I filter and scan the Net environment using tools like RSS feeds, Google Alerts, trusted aggregator sites, and friends’ feeds.

Maybe you’d say that you don’t want your life to be a scanning process. But it already is. And you’re probably not doing a very good job at it. Most of aren’t doing a good job. And, worst than that, we aren’t even aware that we aren’t doing a good job of it.

Some people take mindfulness to mean meditation and connect it with some system like Zen practice or yoga. That’s a way to start. Staying mindfully focused in the present not only keeps you aware of your thoughts, emotions and actions, but helps you be more aware of those around you.

Further Explorations

  1. Futures Studies
  2. Foresight
  3. Complex Adaptive Systems
  4. Noosphere
  5. Collective Intelligence
  6. Extended Mind
  7. Integral Life Practice: A 21st-Century Blueprint for Physical Health, Emotional Balance, Mental Clarity, and Spiritual Awakening by Ken Wilber

Visitors to Paradelle

  • 388,467

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 1,298 other followers

Follow Weekends in Paradelle on


I Recently Tweeted…

Tweets from Poets Online

Recent Photos on Flickr

%d bloggers like this: